Halving Events/Mining Difficulty

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Halving Events/Mining Difficulty

I feel like I have a pretty solid grasp of Bitcoin and have been hodling for a long time. One thing I'm not really up to speed on though is the background triggers for certain things such as mining difficulty changes, halving events, etc.

I know there is a group that works on things like the Lightning Network and making improvements, but are these the same people that "hit the button" to trigger a halving event? Or is this something that's just natively built into Bitcoin's programming? Same question with mining difficulty changes... does this just "happen" because it's programmed in or does a group of people have to agree to change the difficulty and then trigger it via human intervention?

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