Bitcoin Core 25.0 released

  <p>Bitcoin Core installation binaries can be downloaded from and the source-code is available from the Bitcoin Core source repository.</p>

25.0 Release Notes

Bitcoin Core version 25.0 is now available from:

This release includes new features, various bug fixes and performance improvements, as well as updated translations.

Please report bugs using the issue tracker at GitHub:

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How to Upgrade

If you are running an older version, shut it down. Wait until it has completely shut down (which might take a few minutes in some cases), then run the installer (on Windows) or just copy over /Applications/Bitcoin-Qt (on macOS) or bitcoind/bitcoin-qt (on Linux).

Upgrading directly from a version of Bitcoin Core that has reached its EOL is possible, but it might take some time if the data directory needs to be migrated. Old wallet versions of Bitcoin Core are generally supported.


Bitcoin Core is supported and extensively tested on operating systems using the Linux kernel, macOS 10.15+, and Windows 7 and newer. Bitcoin Core should also work on most other Unix-like systems but is not as frequently tested on them. It is not recommended to use Bitcoin Core on unsupported systems.

Notable changes P2P and network changes

Transactions of non-witness size 65 bytes and above are now allowed by mempool and relay policy. This is to better reflect the actual afforded protections against CVE-2017-12842 and open up additional use-cases of smaller transaction sizes. (#26265)

New RPCs

The scanblocks RPC returns the relevant blockhashes from a set of descriptors by scanning all blockfilters in the given range. It can be used in combination with the getblockheader and rescanblockchain RPCs to achieve fast wallet rescans. Note that this functionality can only be used if a compact block filter index (-blockfilterindex=1) has been constructed by the node. (#23549)

Updated RPCs

All JSON-RPC methods accept a new named parameter called args that can contain positional parameter values. This is a convenience to allow some parameter values to be passed by name without having to name every value. The python test framework and bitcoin-cli tool both take advantage of this, so for example:

bitcoin-cli -named createwallet wallet_name=mywallet load_on_startup=1

Can now be shortened to:

bitcoin-cli -named createwallet mywallet load_on_startup=1

The verifychain RPC will now return false if the checks didn’t fail,

but couldn’t be completed at the desired depth and level. This could be due to missing data while pruning, due to an insufficient dbcache or due to the node being shutdown before the call could finish. (#25574)

sendrawtransaction has a new, optional argument, maxburnamount with a default value of 0.

Any transaction containing an unspendable output with a value greater than maxburnamount will not be submitted. At present, the outputs deemed unspendable are those with scripts that begin with an OP_RETURN code (known as ‘datacarriers’), scripts that exceed the maximum script size, and scripts that contain invalid opcodes.

The testmempoolaccept RPC now returns 2 additional results within the “fees” result:

“effective-feerate” is the feerate including fees and sizes of transactions validated together if package validation was used, and also includes any modified fees from prioritisetransaction. The “effective-includes” result lists the wtxids of transactions whose modified fees and sizes were used in the effective-feerate (#26646).

decodescript may now infer a Miniscript descriptor under P2WSH context if it is not lacking

information. (#27037)

finalizepsbt is now able to finalize a transaction with inputs spending Miniscript-compatible

P2WSH scripts. (#24149)

Changes to wallet related RPCs can be found in the Wallet section below.

Build System

The --enable-upnp-default and --enable-natpmp-default options have been removed. If you want to use port mapping, you can configure it using a .conf file, or by passing the relevant options at runtime. (#26896)

Updated settings

If the -checkblocks or -checklevel options are explicitly provided by the

user, but the verification checks cannot be completed due to an insufficient dbcache, Bitcoin Core will now return an error at startup. (#25574)

Ports specified in -port and -rpcport options are now validated at startup.

Values that previously worked and were considered valid can now result in errors. (#22087)

Setting -blocksonly will now reduce the maximum mempool memory

to 5MB (users may still use -maxmempool to override). Previously, the default 300MB would be used, leading to unexpected memory usage for users running with -blocksonly expecting it to eliminate mempool memory usage. As unused mempool memory is shared with dbcache, this also reduces the dbcache size for users running with -blocksonly, potentially impacting performance.

Setting -maxconnections=0 will now disable -dnsseed

and -listen (users may still set them to override).

Changes to GUI or wallet related settings can be found in the GUI or Wallet section below.

New settings

The shutdownnotify option is used to specify a command to execute synchronously before Bitcoin Core has begun its shutdown sequence. (#23395)


The minconf option, which allows a user to specify the minimum number of confirmations a UTXO being spent has, and the maxconf option, which allows specifying the maximum number of confirmations, have been added to the following RPCs in #25375:


Added a new next_index field in the response in listdescriptors to

have the same format as importdescriptors (#26194)

RPC listunspent now has a new argument include_immature_coinbase

to include coinbase UTXOs that don’t meet the minimum spendability depth requirement (which before were silently skipped). (#25730)

Rescans for descriptor wallets are now significantly faster if compact

block filters (BIP158) are available. Since those are not constructed by default, the configuration option “-blockfilterindex=1” has to be provided to take advantage of the optimization. This improves the performance of the RPC calls rescanblockchain, importdescriptors and restorewallet. (#25957)

RPC unloadwallet now fails if a rescan is in progress. (#26618)

Wallet passphrases may now contain null characters.

Prior to this change, only characters up to the first null character were recognized and accepted. (#27068)

Address Purposes strings are now restricted to the currently known values of “send”,

“receive”, and “refund”. Wallets that have unrecognized purpose strings will have loading warnings, and the listlabels RPC will raise an error if an unrecognized purpose is requested. (#27217)

In the createwallet, loadwallet, unloadwallet, and restorewallet RPCs, the

“warning” string field is deprecated in favor of a “warnings” field that returns a JSON array of strings to better handle multiple warning messages and for consistency with other wallet RPCs. The “warning” field will be fully removed from these RPCs in v26. It can be temporarily re-enabled during the deprecation period by launching bitcoind with the configuration option -deprecatedrpc=walletwarningfield. (#27279)

Descriptor wallets can now spend coins sent to P2WSH Miniscript descriptors. (#24149)

GUI changes

The “Mask values” is a persistent option now. (gui#701) The “Mask values” option affects the “Transaction” view now, in addition to the “Overview” one. (gui#708)


A new /rest/deploymentinfo endpoint has been added for fetching various state info regarding deployments of consensus changes. (#25412)

Binary verification

The binary verification script has been updated. In previous releases it would verify that the binaries had been signed with a single “release key”. In this release and moving forward it will verify that the binaries are signed by a threshold of trusted keys. For more details and examples, see: (#27358)

Low-level changes RPC

The JSON-RPC server now rejects requests where a parameter is specified multiple times with the same name, instead of silently overwriting earlier parameter values with later ones. (#26628) RPC listsinceblock now accepts an optional label argument to fetch incoming transactions having the specified label. (#25934) Previously setban, addpeeraddress, walletcreatefundedpsbt, methods allowed non-boolean and non-null values to be passed as boolean parameters. Any string, number, array, or object value that was passed would be treated as false. After this change, passing any value except true, false, or null now triggers a JSON value is not of expected type error. (#26213)


Thanks to everyone who directly contributed to this release:

0xb10c @RandyMcMillan amadeuszpawlik Amiti Uttarwar Andrew Chow Andrew Toth Anthony Towns Antoine Poinsot Aurèle Oulès Ben Woosley Bitcoin Hodler brunoerg Bushstar Carl Dong Chris Geihsler Cory Fields David Gumberg dergoegge Dhruv Mehta Dimitris Tsapakidis dougEfish Douglas Chimento ekzyis Elichai Turkel Ethan Heilman Fabian Jahr FractalEncrypt furszy Gleb Naumenko glozow Greg Sanders Hennadii Stepanov hernanmarino ishaanam ismaelsadeeq James O’Beirne [email protected] Jeff Ruane Jeffrey Czyz Jeremy Rubin Jesse Barton João Barbosa JoaoAJMatos John Moffett Jon Atack Jonas Schnelli jonatack Joshua Kelly josibake Juan Pablo Civile kdmukai klementtan Kolby ML kouloumos Kristaps Kaupe laanwj Larry Ruane Leonardo Araujo Leonardo Lazzaro Luke Dashjr MacroFake MarcoFalke Martin Leitner-Ankerl Martin Zumsande Matt Whitlock Matthew Zipkin Michael Ford Miles Liu mruddy Murray Nesbitt muxator omahs pablomartin4btc Pasta Pieter Wuille Pttn Randall Naar Riahiamirreza roconnor-blockstream Russell O’Connor Ryan Ofsky S3RK Sebastian Falbesoner Seibart Nedor sinetek Sjors Provoost Skuli Dulfari SomberNight Stacie Waleyko stickies-v stratospher Suhas Daftuar Suriyaa Sundararuban TheCharlatan Vasil Dimov Vasil Stoyanov virtu w0xlt willcl-ark yancy Yusuf Sahin HAMZA

As well as to everyone that helped with translations on Transifex.